Mapping social orientation in Lithuania
In Lithuania, the implementation of immigrant and refugee integration policy was and still is based on the project-based activities, related to EU funding. Thus, NGOs are key stakeholders implementing immigrant and refugee integration policies and providing integration measures, including social orientation courses and other relevant services. NGOs and, in few cases, governmental institutions, provide a variety of education-related integration measures that could be considered as social orientation courses with the focus on language courses and vocational training, followed by the cultural orientation and entrepreneurship, legal and social counselling. However, these measures are provided without defined aims and objectives of integration policies and without any framework of education programmes and methodologies, recognised at the governmental or municipal level. Moreover, such activities are fragmented and not stable over time as they are being funded on project basis.